Pediatric Eye Care

Early eye exams and proper treatment for vision problems are a critical part of a child’s healthcare. Untreated problems could result in learning disabilities or poor vision later in life. Treatment of strabismus (misaligned or crossed eyes) or amblyopia (lazy eye) is most effective when detected early. Treatment may include glasses, eye exercises, eye patches or surgery. The American Optometric Association recommends the following frequency for the examination of pediatric patients:

Patient Age

Examination Interval


Asymptomatic/Risk Free At Risk

Birth to 24 Months

At 6 months of age

By 6 months of age or as recommended

2 to 5 years

At 3 years of age

At 3 years of age or as recommended

6 to 18 years

Before first grade and every two years thereafter

Annually or as recommended

Children considered to be at risk for the development of eye and vision problems may need additional testing or more frequent re-evaluation. Factors placing an infant, toddler, or child at significant risk for visual impairment include:

  • Prematurity, low birth weight, oxygen at birth, grade III or IV intraventricular hemorrhage
  • Family history of retinoblastoma, congenital cataracts, metabolic or genetic disease
  • Infection of mother during pregnancy (e.g., rubella, toxoplasmosis, venereal disease, herpes, cytomegalovirus or AIDS)
  • Difficult or assisted labor, which may be associated with fetal distress or low Apgar scores
  • High refractive error
  • Strabismus
  • Anisometropia
  • Known or suspected central nervous system dysfunction evidenced by developmental delay, cerebral palsy, dysmorphic features, seizures, or hydrocephalus

Our Mission
Our mission is to provide comprehensive entry-level ophthalmic care for our pediatric patients. The goal of our doctors is to identify problems such as refractive error or lazy eye at their earliest stage -- the point at which therapy is most effective. For situations requiring the expertise of a pediatric ophthalmologist, we work closely with the region’s best specialists. Rest assured that if your child needs sophisticated, subspecialty care, we will assist you in arranging follow-up.

What You Need to Know
Although uncommon, serious eye problems do occur in infants and children. For obvious reasons, these conditions can be difficult to detect. Because early detection is so important, we recommended that even seemingly normal infants have an eye exam by age 6 months, and that all children be examined again before age 3. Our patient coordinators look forward to answering your questions and assisting you in arranging an appointment.

Ready to schedule an exam?